Bandy Sport Inhaltsverzeichnis
Bandy ist eine Ball- und Mannschaftssportart, die auf Eis ausgetragen wird. Bandy ist der Vorläufer des heutigen Eishockey und wird heute vor allem in Nord- und Osteuropa sowie in Nordamerika betrieben. Erfolgreichstes Nationalteam ist die. Bandy ist eine Ball- und Mannschaftssportart, die auf Eis ausgetragen wird. Bandy ist der Vorläufer des heutigen Eishockey und wird heute vor allem in Nord-. Bandy bezeichnet: den Vorläufer des heutigen Eishockey; siehe Bandy (Sport); das Kinderinstrument Triola. Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Bandy (Georgia). Bandy. Eishockeyspiel mit Ball, Vorgänger des Eishockeyspiels mit der Scheibe (Kanadisches Eishockey). Spielfeldausmaße und Spielregeln sowie die. Vielmehr erinnert der Sport eher an eine Mischung aus Fußball und Feldhockey. Gespielt wird auf einer Eisfläche von der ungefähren Größe eines Fußballplatzes.
The use of a ball instead of a flat puck makes bandy faster than hockey. Free strokes are given for penalties, such as for going over the midline.
Free substitution is permitted. There are six officials in the game. Bandy originated in England in the late 18th century, and the modern game of ice hockey probably developed from it.
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Ice hockey , game between two teams, each usually having six players, who wear skates and compete on an ice rink.
The object is to propel a vulcanized rubber disk, the puck, past a goal line and into a net guarded by a goaltender, or goalie. Finlandia : 1 titolo.
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A full game penalty can be received upon using abusive language or directly attacking an opponent and means that the player can neither play nor be substituted for the remainder of the game.
A match penalty is indicated through the use of a red card. The offside rule effectively limits the ability of attacking players to remain forward i.
This rule is in effect just like that of soccer. Currently, 27 members are a part. It was held every two years starting in , and every year since Currently the record number of countries participating in the World Championships is twenty Since the number of countries playing bandy is not large, every country which can set up a team is welcome to take part in the World Championship.
The quality of the teams varies; however, with only six nations, Sweden, the Soviet Union , Russia, Finland , Norway, and Kazakhstan , having won medals allowing for the fact that Russia's team took over from the Soviet Union in In February , Sweden won the first World Championship for women , hosted in Finland , without conceding a goal.
In the women's World Championship Russia won, for the first time toppling the Swedes from the throne. In Sweden took the title back. In the tournament was played in a totally Asian country for the first time when Chengde in China hosted it.
The same goes for the men's tournament the area north and west of the Ural River is located in Europe, thus Kazakhstan is a transcontinental country , when Harbin hosted the Division B tournament.
There are also Youth Bandy World Championships in different age groups for boys and young men and in one age group for girls. The oldest group is the under 23 championship, Bandy World Championship Y Bandy is recognized by the International Olympic Committee , and was played as a demonstration sport at the Winter Olympics in Oslo.
However, it has yet to officially be played at the Olympics. Compared with the seven Winter Olympic sports , bandy's popularity across the globe is considered by the International Olympic Committee to have a, "gap between popularity and participation and global audiences", which is a roadblock into future Olympic inclusion.
At the Asian Winter Games , open to members of the Olympic Council of Asia , men's bandy was included for the first time.
Three teams contested the inaugural competition, and Kazakhstan won the gold medal. President Nursultan Nazarbayev attended the final. There was no bandy competition at the Asian Winter Games in Japan.
Bandy made its debut at the Winter Universiade during the Games. Originally a six team tournament for men and a four team tournament for women were planned to be held.
There is a chance for participation also in In fact International University Sports Federation expects it to happen. The World Championships should not be confused with the annual World Cup in Ljusdal , Sweden, which has been played annually since the s and is the biggest bandy tournament for elite level club teams.
It is played indoors in Sandviken since because Ljusdal has no indoor arena. It is expected to return to Ljusdal once an indoor arena has been built.
World Cup matches are played day and night, and the tournament is played in four days in late October. The teams participating are mostly, and some years exclusively, from Sweden and Russia, which has the two best leagues in the world.
Since , there is also a Bandy World Cup Women for women's teams. Rink bandy is a variety played on an ice hockey-size rink. The China Bandy Federation was set up in and China has since then participated in a number of world championship tournaments, with men's, women's and youth teams.
China Bandy is mainly financed by private resources. The development of the sport in China is supported by the Harbin Sport University.
The first recorded games of bandy on ice took place in The Fens during the great frost of —, although it is probable that the game had been played there in the previous century.
Bury Fen Bandy Club   from Bluntisham-cum-Earith , near St Ives , was the most successful team, remaining unbeaten until the winter of — Charles G Tebbutt of the Bury Fen bandy club was responsible for the first published rules of bandy in , and also for introducing the game into the Netherlands and Sweden, as well as elsewhere in England where it became popular with cricket, rowing and hockey clubs.
Tebbutt's home-made bandy stick can be seen in the Norris Museum in St Ives. The first Ice Hockey Varsity Matches between Oxford University and Cambridge University were played to bandy rules, even if it was called hockey on ice at the time.
England won the European Bandy Championships in ,  but that turned out to be the grand finale, and bandy is now virtually unknown in England.
In March , Norwegian ex-player Edgar Malman invited two big clubs to play a rink bandy exhibition game in Streatham , London.
In England became a Federation of International Bandy member. The federation is based in Cambridgeshire, the historical heartland.
President is Rev Lyn Gibb-de Swarte of Littleport and past resident of Streatham in south west London, where she was chair of the Streatham ice speed club, ice hockey club and of the association of ice clubs.
Chair is Andrew Hutchinson. Treasurer is Tammy Nichol Twallin. Participation Officer, Anders Gidrup. They are all busy promoting the sport for all and will be instituting rink bandy around the country.
In September , the federation decided to widen its territory to all of the United Kingdom and changed its name to Great Britain Bandy Federation.
Bandy was played in Estonia in the s to s and the country had a national championship for some years. The national team played friendlies against Finland in the s and '30s.
The sport was played sporadically during Soviet occupation — It has since then become more organised again, partly through exchange with Finnish clubs and enthusiasts.
Bandy was introduced to Finland from Russia in the s. Finland has been playing bandy friendlies against Sweden and Estonia since its independence in The first Finnish national championships were held in and was the first national Finnish championship held in any team sport.
National champions have been named every year except for three years in the first half of the 20th Century when Finland was at war. The top national league is called Bandyliiga and is semi-professional.
The best players often go fully professional by being recruited by clubs in Sweden or Russia. Bandy was played in Germany in the early 20th century, including by Crown Prince Wilhelm ,  but the interest died out in favour of ice hockey.
Leipziger Sportclub had the best team and was also last to give bandy up. The sport was reintroduced in the s, with the German Bandy Association being founded in Bandy has a long history in many parts of the country and it used to be one of the most popular sports in Soviet times.
However, after independence it suffered a rapid decline in popularity and only remained in Oral often called by the Russian name, Uralsk , where the country's only professional club Akzhaiyk is located.
They are competing in the Russian second tier division, the Supreme League. Recently bandy has started to gain popularity again outside of Oral, most notably in Petropavl  and Khromtau.
Those were for example the three Kazakh cities which at the Youth World Championship had players in the team. Plans are made to reinvigorate the bandy section of the club Dynamo Almaty, who won the Soviet Championships in and as well as the European Cup in The Asian Bandy Federation also has its headquarters in Almaty.
Since a few years the state is supporting bandy. Medeu in Almaty is the only arena with artificial ice. A second arena in Almaty was built for the World Championship , but it was taken down afterwards.
Stadion Yunost in Oral  was supposed to get artificial ice for the —18 season. The national team took a silver medal at the Asian Winter Games , which led to being chosen as the best Mongolian sport team of Bandy was introduced to the Netherlands in the s by Pim Mulier and the sport became popular.
However, in the s, the interest turned to ice hockey, but in contrast to other countries in central and western Europe, the sport has been continuously played in the Netherlands and since the s, the country has become a member of FIB and games have been more formalised again.
However, without a proper venue, only rink bandy is played within the country. The national governing body is the Bandy Bond Nederland.
Bandy was introduced to Norway in the s. The Swedes contributed largely, and clubs sprang up around the capital of Oslo. Oslo , including neighbouring towns, is still today the region where bandy enjoys most popularity in Norway.
In the Norwegians played their first National Championship , which was played annually up to During WWII, illegal bandy was played in hidden places in forests, on ponds and lakes.
In legal play resumed and still goes on. After WWII the number of teams rose, as well as attendance which regularly were in the thousands, but mild winters in the s and 80s shrunk the league, and in only five clubs teams fought out the 1st division with low attendance numbers and little media coverage.
In recent years, the number of artificially frozen pitches have increased in Norway, and more sports clubs have reinvigorated their bandy sections with new men's and youth teams.
Because of this, as well as an increase of Swedish players in Norway, the competitiveness of the game has risen, especially in the first division Eliteserien.
Bandy in Norway has also started to spread geographically, but some clubs in apart locations in the 3rd division only have access to ice hockey rinks and therefore play rink bandy for home games.
In Russia bandy is known as hockey with a ball or simply Russian hockey. A similar game became popular among the Russian nobility in the early s, with the imperial court of Peter the Great playing a predecessor of modern bandy on Saint Petersburg 's frozen Neva river.
Russians played this game using ordinary footwear, with sticks made out of juniper wood, only later were skates introduced.
It was only in the second half of the 19th century that bandy became popular among the masses throughout the Russian Empire.
Traditionally the Russians used a longer skate blade than other nations, giving them the advantage of skating faster. However, they would find it more difficult to turn quickly.
A bandy skate has a longer blade than a hockey skate, and the "Russian skate" is even longer. When the Federation of International Bandy was formed in , with the Soviet Union as one of its founding members, the Russians largely adopted the international rules of the game developed in England in the 19th century, with one notable exception.
The other countries adopted the border. Bandy is considered a national sport in Russia  and is the only discipline to have official support of the Russian Orthodox Church.
The Russian Bandy Super League is played every year and the winner in the final becomes Russian champion. The Russian Cup has been played annually except for just some years since He talked, among other things, about the need to give more support to Russian bandy.
Bandy was introduced to Sweden in The Swedish royal family , noblemen and diplomats were the first players. Swedish championships for men have been played annually since In the s students played the game and it became a largely middle class sport.
After Slottsbrons IF won the Swedish championship in it became popular amongst workers in the smaller industrial towns and villages.
Bandy remains the main sport in many of these places. Bandy in Sweden is famous for its "culture" — both playing bandy and being a spectator requires great fortitude and dedication.
A notable tradition is " annandagsbandy ", bandy games played on Saint Stephen's Day , which for many Swedes is an important Christmas season tradition and always draws bigger crowds than usual.
The final match for the Swedish Championship is played every year on the third Saturday of March. From to , it was played at Studenternas Idrottsplats in Uppsala , often drawing crowds in excess of 20, The reason the play-off match was set in Uppsala is because of IFK Uppsala 's success in the beginning of the 20th century.
IFK Uppsala won 11 titles in the Swedish Championships between and , which made them the most successful bandy club in the entire country.
A contributing factor was the poor quality of the ice at Söderstadion , where the finals were held from to In and the final was played indoors in Friends Arena , the national stadium for football in Solna , Stockholm , with a retractable roof and a capacity of 50 The first final at Friends Arena in drew a record crowd of 38, when Hammarby IF Bandy , after ending up in second place in six finals during the s, won their second title.
Due to declining attendance since, for through Tele2 Arena in southern Stockholm was chosen as a new venue. However, the new indoor venue failed to attract much more than half of the total capacity.
In May it was announced that the finals will again be held at Studenternas IP in Uppsala from to In the late 19th and early 20th century, Switzerland had become a popular place for winter vacations and people went there from all over Europe.
Winter sports like skiing, sledding and bandy was played in Geneva and other towns. Moritz in This popularity for Swiss venues of winter sport may have been a reason, the European Championship was held there in Bandy has mainly been played as a recreational sport in Switzerland in the last decade, but a Swiss national team took part in the Women's Bandy World Championship.
Bandy was played in Ukraine when it was part of the Soviet Union. After independence in , it took some years before organised bandy formed again, but Ukrainian champions have been named annually since Bandy has been played in the United States since around The sport is centered in Minnesota, with very few teams based elsewhere.
United States bandy championships have been played annually since the early s, but the sport is not widely covered by American sports media.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ballgame on ice played using skates and sticks. This article is about the sport.
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Blue: 10 minutes penalty, red: match penalty. Main article: Bandy in the United States. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Retrieved 7 February Archived from the original on 22 December Federation of International Bandy. Archived from the original on 17 October Retrieved 15 January Dunsar Media.
Retrieved 17 June Maxwell 9 January Archived from the original on 28 October Retrieved 3 March Archived from the original on 19 October Retrieved 9 April Finnish Bandy Association.
Retrieved 20 April The Hockey Writers. Retrieved 6 May Retrieved 13 February Retrieved 21 February Online Etymology Dictionary.
Retrieved 4 January Archived from the original PDF on 11 May Retrieved 25 March Archived from the original on 29 January Archived from the original on 27 January Retrieved 26 January The New York Times.
Retrieved 7 August The Local. Retrieved 25 September Retrieved 15 May Retrieved 14 October Retrieved 26 February Retrieved 10 June Archived from the original on 18 October Bandy ist eine Ball- und Mannschaftssportart, die auf Eis ausgetragen wird.
Bandy ist der Vorläufer des heutigen Eishockey und wird heute vor allem in Nord- und Osteuropa sowie in Nordamerika betrieben. Erfolgreichstes Nationalteam ist die Männermannschaft von Schweden.
Vorläufer des Bandy gab es schon im Mittelalter. Bereits im Jahrhundert ist ein als bandja bezeichnetes Ballspiel mit Schlägern auf Eis belegt, in Island wurde im 9.
Jahrhundert ein ähnliches Spiel namens Knattleikr gespielt. Seit Mitte des Jahrhunderts ist die Existenz des Bandyspiels in annähernd der heutigen Form nachweisbar.
Bandy war nie eine reine Männersportart, seit seiner Entstehung gab es Frauenmannschaften. Das moderne Bandy ist Anfang des Jahrhunderts in den Fens im Osten Englands entstanden.
Zu Bandy-Hochburgen entwickelten sich vor allem Cambridgeshire und Lincolnshire. Danach verbreitete sich das Spiel rasch in Europa, nicht zuletzt durch die Pioniertätigkeit von C.
Tebbutt aus Bury Fen. Seit wird Bandy in der Schweiz gespielt. Ab gehörte das Duell zwischen St. Moritz und Davos zu den jährlichen Wintersport-Attraktionen.
Bereits fand in der Schweiz Davos die erste Europameisterschaft statt, die England gewann. Die Entwicklung des Bandysports wurde mit dem Ersten Weltkrieg zunächst gestoppt.
Später entstand jedoch mit Rinkbandy eine Variante, die auf kleineren Flächen gespielt wird. In Schweden und Russland ist der Sport sehr populär.
In Finnland und Norwegen ist er ein Randsport. Die Elitserien in Schweden ist eine Profiliga. Das bedeutendste internationale Turnier für Profimannschaften ist der — jährlich in der schwedischen Stadt Ljusdal und seit in Sandviken ausgetragene Bandy World Cup.
Diese Dominanz konnte nur von einer finnischen Mannschaft durchbrochen werden Oulun Luistinseura.Under the rules, the two basic states of play during a game are ball in play and ball out of play. Chinese Ice Hockey Association. Archived from the original on 13 June Archived from the original on 18 October Download as PDF Printable version. Ki-o-rahi Jegichagi Yubi lakpi. Svezia : 12 Spielstation Г¶ffnungszeiten. The sport was played sporadically during Soviet occupation — It should be made of an approved material such as wood or a similar material and should not contain any metal or Dmax Online parts which can hurt the surrounding players.